School corporal punishment is still allowed by law in 19 states in the U.S.  The practice continues to persist in many schools in rural areas, particularly in the south while schools in many major cities are not using corporal punishment (according to Report on Physical Punishment in the United States: What Research Tells Us About Its Effects on Children by Liz Gershoff, PhD, school districts in some of the country's largest cities have prohibited physical punishment, including Atlanta, Dallas, Houston, Memphis, Miami-Dade, and Tucson). Dr. Gershoff, a developmental psychologist and associate professor at the Department of Human Development and Family Science at the University of Texas at Austin who has done extensive research on the effects of physical punishment on children. Parents can check to see if their state allows corporal punishment, and find out if their school district allows it. (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming all allow corporal punishment in schools.)  Find out what the school policy is. CED advises parents to get a copy of the discipline code and any policy that deals with how and when corporal punishment can be administered at your child's school. 

What parents can do against school corporal punishment

You may be able to write a letter specifically stating your wishes to not have your child not be punished physically in case your child's school does allow corporal punishment. You may also want to have your child's pediatrician sign a letter stating your wishes. "If you write a letter at the beginning of the year, it's likely that your child's school will comply," says Sendek. "But keep in mind that schools that have a corporal punishment policy will still have the right to hit your child." It is important to write a letter and make sure that it is placed in your child's school record but it is also important to verbally convey that message and remind teachers, administrators, and other school officials that there is a signed letter that you submitted which states that under no circumstances should your child ever be subjected to corporal punishment," says Sendek.  Prepare your child in case your child's school allows corporal punishment. Tell her that you do not want her paddled by anyone at school and instruct her to tell you immediately if it happens to her. Assure her that she can always talk to you about any concerns or worries, and let her know that you will not be mad at her if she is physically punished in school. Signs of anxiety and stress are also very important. CED advises taking him to an emergency room or your physician and having colored pictures taken of the injury in case your child is injured. Report the injury to your local child protective agency, or ask your pediatrician to do it. CED also advises finding out if there are witnesses to the injury, and suggests hiring an attorney if the prosecutor fails to file charges.