Special needs education is the practice of educating students with special needs in such a way that addresses their both individual needs and differences. This process ideally involves individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, accessible settings and other interventions that are designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and community than would be available in case the student were only given access to a typical classroom education. In special needs schools usually study learners with communication and learning disabilities, emotional and behavioral disorders and developmental disabilities. All the students with these kinds of special needs are likely to benefit from such additional educational services as a specifically adapted teaching area, a resource room and different approaches of teaching. Remedial education can be designed for any students with or without special needs whereas special education is designed specifically for students with special needs. Educators modify teaching methods and environments in most developed countries so that the maximum number of students is served in general education environments. The opposite of special education that is typical for special needs schools is general education.

Special needs schools

Some children are easily identified as candidates for special needs schools due to their medical history. They may have been diagnosed with such a genetic condition that is associated with intellectual disability, may have a development disorder or many other disabilities. Two primary methods have been used for identifying for students who have learning disabilities. They are the response to intervention model and discrepancy model. The discrepancy model depends on the teacher noticing that the students’ achievements are noticeably below what is expected. The other model advocates earlier intervention. A student receives special education services for a specific learning difficulty in the discrepancy model in case he or she has at least normal intelligence and the student’s academic achievement is below of a student with his or her IQ. Programs in special needs schools should be customized to address each individual student’s unique needs. Special educators provide a continuum of services in with all the students with special needs receive varying degrees of support that is based on their individual needs. These programs need to be individualized so that they address the unique combination of needs in a given student. Special schools where these students learn are catering for students who have special educational needs due to serve physical disabilities or behavioral problems. The schools provide individualized education that addresses specific needs. Student to teacher rations are kept low, often 6:1 or lower depending upon the needs of the children. Places available in special schools are declining in recent years as more children with special needs are educated in mainstream schools. There will always be some children, however, whose learning needs cannot be appropriately met in a regular classroom setting and will require specialized education and resources to provide the level of support they require. For some students with special educational needs are used different instructional techniques.