A school district is a form of special-purpose district serving to operate local public primary and secondary schools. Public schools in the United States are run by school districts which are independent special-purpose governments or dependent school systems, which are under the control of state and local government. This district is legally separate body corporate and public. The districts are local governments with similar powers to that of a town or a country, including taxation and eminent domain, except in Virgiinia whose school divisions have no taxing authority and must depend on another local government for funding. A school board, board of trustless, school committee and more are some of the names of its governing body, which is typically elected by direct popular vote but may be appointed by other governmental offices. This body appoints a superintendent, usually an experienced public school administrator to function as the district’s chief executive for carrying out day-to-day decisions and policy implementations. Furthermore the school board may exercise a quasi-judicial function in student discipline matters or serious employee. Not all school systems constitute school districts as distinct bodies corporate. A few states have no school systems independent of municipal governments or country.

School district

Not all of the school systems constitute school district as distinct body corporate. This is typically for example in Maryland. There all school systems are run at the country or, in the case of Baltimore City, the country-equivalent level. New York has both independent school districts and schools system that are subordinate to cities. The Hawaii State Department of Education functions as a single-wide school district. Although the District of Columbia Public Schools operates district public schools in Washington, this is unique among the states. The Puerto Rico Department of Education operates all public schools in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico thus they also function as single school districts. An elementary school usually includes kindergarten and grades one through five. These grades are divided into 2 schools in some school districts. A high school usually includes grades 9 through 12 and also may include grades seven and above. Many of the high schools are sometimes referred to as a senior high school. All they cover only grades ten to twelve. These are typical definitions for school district constitution although these terms can vary slightly between various states and regions. Onomous districts or equivalent authorities often represent various groups seeking educational autonomy outside the United States. In much of the world as in European history religious, linguistic and ethnic divisions have been a significant factor in school organizations. School boards in both Wales and England were established in 1870 and abolished in 1902, with country council and country borough councils becoming the Local Education Authorities. The system of the carte scolaire in France was dismantled by the beginning of 2007 school year. More school choice has been given to students in France. However, priority is given only to those that meet such criteria as students with disabilities, students who require specialized medical attention from a hospital and more.