You need to encode what you are studying into long-term memory in order to recall information. One of the most effective encoding techniques is known as elaborative rehearsal. To read the definition of a key term, study the definition of that term and then read a more detailed description of what that term means is an example of this technique. You'll probably notice that recalling the information is much easier after repeating this process a few times. Many people benefit greatly from visualizing the information they study. Pay attention to the photographs, charts, and other graphics in your textbooks. Try creating your own in case you do not have visual cues to help. Draw charts or figures in the margins of your notes or use highlighters or pens in different colors to group related ideas in your written study materials. Take the time to think about how this information relates to things that you already know when you are studying unfamiliar material. You can dramatically increase the likelihood of recalling the recently learned information by establishing relationships between new ideas and previously existing memories. To learn more ways to improve your memory, there are some other things you should have know.

Other ways to improve your memory

Research suggests that reading materials out loud significantly improves memory of the material. Educators and psychologists have also discovered that having students actuallyteach new concepts to others enhances understanding and recall. You can use this approach in your own studies by teaching new concepts and information to a friend or study partner. Have you ever noticed how it's sometimes easier to remember information at the beginning or end of a chapter? Researchers have found that the order of information can play a role in recall, which is known as the serial position effect. You can overcome this problem by spending extra time rehearsing this information while recalling middle information can be difficult. To try restructuring what you have learned so it will be easier to remember is another strategy. Devote some extra time to memorizing the information when you come across an especially difficult concept. Another great way to increase your recall is to occasionally change your study routine. Try moving to a different spot during your next study session in case you are accustomed to studying in one specific location. If you study in the evening, try spending a few minutes each morning reviewing the information you studied the previous night. You can increase the effectiveness of your efforts and significantly improve your long-term recall by adding an element of novelty to your study sessions. Researchers have long known that sleep is important for memory and learning. Some of the recent research has shown that taking a nap after you learn something new can actually help you learn faster and remember better. One study actually found that sleeping after learning something new actually leads to physical changes in the brain. Sleep deprived mice experienced less dendtritic growth following a learning task than well-rested mice. So consider getting a good night's sleep after you study next time you are struggling to learn new information.