Medical school is a tertiary educational institution that teaches medicine and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine are some of the degrees that can be earned. Many of the schools also offer additional degrees or other post secondary education. These schools can employ medical researchers and operate hospitals. The entry structure, criteria, teaching methodology and nature of medical programs offered at a medical school vary considerably around the world. The schools are often highly competitive and use standardized entrance examinations to narrow the selection criteria for candidates. The study of medicine in most countries is completed as an undergraduate degree that not requires prerequisite undergraduate coursework. An increasing numbers of places however are emerging for these graduate entrants who have completed an undergraduate degree including some required courses. Nearly all medical degrees in Canada and United States are second entry degrees and require several years of previous study at the university level. Medical students award their degrees after the completion of them which typically lasts five or more years for the undergraduate models and four years for the graduate model. Curricula are usually divided into preclinical sciences where students study such subjects as genetics, general surgery and much more.

Medical school

 

                A physician typically may not legally practice medicine until licensed by the local government authority although medical schools confer upon graduates a medical degree. Licensing may also require passing a test, undergoing a criminal background check, paying of fee and undergoing several years of postgraduate training. The schools are regulated by each country and may appear in the AVICENNA Directory for Medicine or the FAIMER International Medical Education Directory. Admission to medical school in USA is based mainly on a GPA, interview, admissions essay, clinical work experience and volunteering activities along with research and leadership roles in an applicant’s history. Virtually all admitted students have earned at least a bachelor’s degree while obtaining an undergraduate degree is not an explicit requirement for a few medical schools. A few schools offer pre-admittance to students directly from high school by linking a joint three-year accelerated undergraduate degree and a standard four-year medical degree with certain undergraduate universities, sometimes referred to a 7-year program. Then the student receives bachelor’s degree after the first year in medical school. Students must complete a series of prerequisites as undergraduates consisting of physics, biology and chemistry. Many of the schools have additional requirements including genetics, statistics, English or humanities classes. Medical schools applicants must take and report their scores on a MCAT. This is a standardized test that measures a student’s knowledge of both the sciences and English language. Students have to do this in addition to meeting the pre-medical requirements. Some of the students apply for medical school following their 3rd year of undergraduate educations while others pursue advanced degrees or other careers prior to applying for medical school. The standard US medical school curriculum is four years long. The last two years include rotations in clinical settings where students learn patient care firsthand.