Trouble prediction is one of the signs a child is having problems with reading comprehension. An effective reader will base their prediction on clues from the story and his or her own experiences when a student makes a prediction he or she is making a guess about what is going to happen next in a story or what a character is going to do or think. Most typical students naturally make predictions as they read. Students with dyslexia may have trouble with this important skill. We make predictions every day. We watch our family members and based on their actions we can often guess what they are going to do or say next. Even young children make predictions about the world around them. Imagine a young child walking up to a toy store. Because she has been there before she knows it is a toy store, she sees the sign and even though she can't yet read it. Immediately, she begins anticipating what is going to happen in the store. She is going to see and touch her favorite toys.

Making prediction to improve comprehension

She might even get to take one home. Based on her previous knowledge and clues (the sign on the front of the store) she has made predictions about what will happen next. It is hard to follow the story and therefore can't guess what is going to happen next because they often struggle with sounding out each word. They may also have a hard time with sequencing. Predictions are based on "what happens next" which requires a student to follow a logical sequence of events. Guessing the next action will be difficult in case a student with dyslexia has problems sequencing. For younger children, look at the pictures before reading the book, including the front and back covers of the book. Have students make predictions on what they think the book is about. For older students, have them read the chapter titles or the first paragraph f a chapter and then guess what will happen in the chapter. Read the story or the chapter and after finishing, review the predictions to see if they were correct once students have made predictions. Create a prediction diagram. A prediction diagram has blank spaces to write down the clues, or evidence, used to make a prediction and a space to write their prediction. Clues can be found in pictures, chapter titles or in the text itself. A prediction diagram helps students organize the information they read in order to make a prediction. Prediction diagrams can be creative, such as a diagram of a rocky path leading to a castle (each rock has a place for a clue) and the prediction is written in the castle or they can be simple, with clues written on one side of a paper and the prediction written on the other.