A law school is such an institution that specializes in legal education. The typical law degree required to practice law in Canada is now the Juris Doctor. It requires previous university coursework and is similar to the first law degree in the United States, except there is some scholarly content in the coursework. Usually the programs consist of three years and have similar content in their mandatory first year courses. Course selection is elective with various concentrations such as business law, international law, criminal law and more beyond first year and the minimum requirements for graduation. Schools that opt for the Juris Doctor have not altered their curricula despite changes in designation. The main reason for implementing the J.D. in Canada was to distinguish the degree from the European counterpart requiring no-previous post-secondary education. In the eyes of the Canadian educational system the J.D. awarded by the universities in the country has retained the characteristics of the LL.B and is considered a second entry program, but not a graduate program. Some of the universities have developed joint Canadian LL.B and American J.D. programs such as York University and New York University.

Law school

 

                Law school in United States is a post-graduate program that lasts usually three years and results in the conferral upon graduates of the Juris Doctor Law degree. One must take the Law School Admissions Test and have an undergraduate degree in any major to gain admission to a law school that is accredited by the American Bar Association. There are 199 ABA-approved law schools currently. A law degree increases lifetime earnings in the USA by one million dollars compared to a bachelor’s degree according to a study by labor economists Michael Simkovic and Frank Mclnytre. An unpublished table produced by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that unemployment rates among experienced lawyers are lower than those for most high-income occupations. Not all recent law graduates, however, work as lawyers. Around 40 percents of US residents with law degrees do not practice law. Law graduates are disproportionately represented in leadership positions in both government and business. Some law schools offer a Master of Law program as a way of specializing in a particular area of law. A further possible degree is the academic doctoral degree in law of Doctor of Juridical Science or the Doctorate of Laws in Canada. Many of the jurisdictions require law school graduates to pass a state or provincial bar examination before they may practice law in addition to attending law school. The Multistate Bar Examination is part of the bar examination in nearly all United States jurisdictions. The standardized common law subject matter of the MBE is combined with state-specific essay questions to produce a comprehensive bar examination. Legal education in other countries is provided within the mainstream education system from the university level and in non-degree conferring vocational training institutions while law schools in United States and Canada are typically post-graduate institutions with considerable autonomy.