An international school is such school promoting international education in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school’s country of residence. All the international schools cater mainly to these students who are not nationals of the host country, such as the children of the staff of international business, organizations, missions or missionary programs. Many local students attend these schools to learn the language of the international school and also to obtain qualifications for employment of higher education in a foreign country. The first schools from this category were founded in the latter half of the nineteenth century in such countries as Switzerland, Japan and Turkey. Early schools were set up for families who travelled, like children of personnel of international companies, embassy staff and more. Globalization has created over time a market for international education. Increased movement of people around the globe has created a generation of children that grow up and reside in foreign countries, expanding and creating this market for such schools that can cater for their educational needs. There were 4 719 English-speaking international schools in April 2007 which was expected to set to rise with globalization.

International schools

The International Association of School Librarianship came up with a list criteria for describing an international school at a conference in Italy in 2009. Criteria includes transferability of the student’s education across international schools and a moving population higher than in state schools or public schools. An international curriculum and multinational and multilingual student body are other two parts of the criteria. Typically these schools use such curricula based on the school’s country of origin. The most common schools represent Education in the United States or Education in the United Kingdom. Many of the schools use curricula specially designed for them such as the International General Certificate of Secondary Education or the IB Diploma Program that are all predominantly committed to internationalism developing the global citizen and providing an environment for an optimal learning, teaching in an international setting that fosters independence, interdependence and cooperation. International schools teach language arts, mathematics, sciences and much more like other schools. More recent developments specifically for primary school include the IB Primary Years. Currently there are 3063 schools that offer the international baccalaureate curriculum in the world. Both educators and teachers in each international school are engaged in education of pupils in schools other than their country of citizenship. The term generally refers to all the teachers who are teaching in independent or private schools. There is an important distinction between private for-profit and non-profit schools while these schools are private. Faculty in the schools usually is from or certified by the standards of their country of origin. There are expectations, however, the most common of which the international school requires a teacher that is trained specifically for an international syllabus or for teaching a foreign language rare to the international school’s country of origin.