The use of both applied art and applied science to improve the aesthetics, functionality, ergonomics and usability of a product is industrial design. It may also be used to improve the marketability of products and even production. Its role is to create and execute design solutions for problems of form, usability, brand development, marketing and sites. This design can overlap significantly with engineering design and in different countries the boundaries of the two concepts can vary, but in general engineering focuses principally on functionality or Utility of Products whereas industrial design focuses principally on user-interface and aesthetic aspects of products. Product and industrial design overlap into the fields of user interface design, information design and interaction design. Many industrial design schools specialize in one of these aspects ranging from pure art colleges through mixed programs of engineering and design, related disciplines such as interior and exhibit design to schools that almost completely subordinated aesthetic design to concerns of usage and ergonomics. This subject studies form and function – and the connection between product, user and environment. Professionals generally work in small scale design rather than overall design of complex systems such as ships and buildings.

Industrial design schools

Many industrial design schools offer degrees which typically take four years to complete. The study results in a Bachelor of Industrial design or a Bachelor of Science. Afterwards, the bachelor program can be extended to post graduate degrees such as Master of Fine Arts, Master of Design and others to a Master of Arts and Master of Science. Industrial design arts are intellectual property rights that make exclusive the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian. A design patent would also be considered under this category. Generally industrial design consists of the creation of a configuration, shape or composition of pattern or color, or combination of pattern and color in three-dimensional form containing aesthetic value. Although the process of design can be considered “creative”, a lot of analytical processes also take place. Many industrial designers in fact often use various design methodologies in their creative process. These processes are best defined by the industrial designers or other team members. Many of the people who have degree from industrial design schools have made such a significant impact on daily life and culture that their work is documented by historians of social science. This design may focus on technical concepts, products and processes. It can also encompass engineering, market placement and usefulness in addition to aesthetics, ergonomics and usability. These values and accompanying aspects that form the basis of industrial design can vary – between different schools of thought and among practicing designers. Because the meaning accepted by the design community is not made of words, design is often difficult to describe to non-designers and engineers. Instead the definition is created as a result of acquiring a critical framework for the analysis and creation of artifacts. One of the many accepted definitions determines it as a process of taking something from its existing state and moving it to a preferred state.