Homework has been a part of students' lives since the beginning of formal schooling in the United States. The practice has, however, sometimes been accepted and other times rejected, both by educators and parents. This has happened because homework can have both positive and negative effects on children's learning and attitudes toward school. Homework can have many benefits for young children. It can improve remembering and understanding of schoolwork. Homework can help students develop study skills that will be of value even after they leave school. It can teach them that learning takes place anywhere, not just in the classroom. Homework can benefit children in more general ways as well. It can foster positive character traits such as independence and responsibility. Homework can teach children how to manage time. If not properly, homework assigned and monitored, can also have negative effects on children. In case students are required to spend too much time on schoolwork, educators and parents worry that they will grow more and more bored. Homework can prevent children from taking part in leisure-time and community activities that also teach important life skills.

Homework help for parents

In case it promotes cheating, either through the copying of assignments or help with homework that goes beyond tutoring, homework promotes cheating, either through the copying of assignments or help with homework that goes beyond tutoring. The issue for educators and parents is not which list of effects, the positive or negative, is correct. Both are to a degree. It is the job of parents and educators to maximize the benefits of homework and minimize the costs. The most critical question about homework is "How much homework should students do?" Experts agree that the amount of homework should depend on the age and skills of the student. Many national groups of teachers and parents including National Parent Teacher Association (PTA), suggest that when it does not exceed 10-20 minutes each day. In third through sixth grade, children can benefit from 30-60 minutes of homework per day, homework for children in kindergarten through second grade is most effective. Junior high and high school students can benefit from more time on homework, and the amount may vary from night to night. Reading at home is especially important for young children. High-interest reading assignments might push the time on homework a bit beyond the minutes suggested above. These recommendations are consistent with the conclusions reached by many studies on the effectiveness of homework. Research shows that shorter and more frequent assignments may be more effective than longer but fewer assignments for young children. This is because young children have short spans of attention and need to feel they have successfully completed a task. Typically assignments of homework have one or more purposes. The most common purpose is to have students practice material already presented in class. Practice homework is meant to reinforce learning and help the student master specific skills. Preparation homework introduces material that will be presented in future lessons.