A high school uniform is an outfit- a set of standardized clothes – worn primarily for an educational institution. They are common in both primary and secondary schools in various countries. They form the basis of a school’s dress code when used. Jennifer Lee, Velma LaPoint and others stated that little empirical research exists regarding how effective high school uniforms are in enhancing academic performance and social environments, and the little research exists regarding teachers’ beliefs regarding issues related to dress code, especially so regarding racial and ethnic minorities. Literature regarding public school student clothing and behavior cites anecdotal viewpoints from teachers in United States. In Queensland, Australia Ombudsman Fred Albietz ruled that public schools may not require uniforms in 1998. The Department of Education in the Philippines abolished the requirement of school uniforms in public schools per DepEd Order N0.45.s.2008. A school attire, however, was required under DepEd Order No.46 s.2008. In both Wales and England technically a state school may not permanently exclude students for “breaching school uniform policy” under a policy promulgated by the Department for Children, Schools and Families but students not wearing the correct uniform are asked to go home and change.

High school uniforms

In many countries not only in Europe but also in other countries wearing of high school uniforms exists for a long period of time. In England school uniforms were introduced for the first time on a large scale during the reign of King Henry 8. As they consisted of long trench-cote-style jackets dyed blue, the uniforms from this period were referred as bluecoats. Christ’s Hospital located in London was the first school to introduce this uniform. Blue was the cheapest available dye and showed humility amongst all children. On the question of school uniform Scottish law is not specific. The school must generally provide information on its policy on clothing and uniform and the Education Authority must provide written information on its general policy on wearing school uniform. A study conducted in 2000 found that only 23 percents of sectarian, public and private schools had any sort of uniform policy in the USA at or before 2000. More public schools, especially these in urban areas have instituted stricter dress codes over the past decade; roughly half the public schools in the United States have these more limiting dress codes. The schools requiring uniforms or a more common standard dress code in both suburbs and towns tend to be more casual than those in Britain or other commonwealth nations. High school uniforms and dress codes are almost universally standard rather than representing the school or the student body. Students typically will wear collared buttoned shirts, with a tie for both boys and girls, worn with khaki pants and a belt, depending on the age of the school’s student body. Wearing of high school uniforms is typical not only for the United Kingdom and USA. Many other countries like Brazil, Australia and more also require their students to wear uniforms while in school.