Some students with special needs are in jeopardy of not being able to retain the skills they have learned during the school year unless given addition support throughout the summer. Those students eligible for ESY will receive an individualized program to support their learning and retention of skill throughout the summer holidays. 'Extended school year services must be provided only if a child's IEP team determines, on an individual basis, in accordance with 300.340-300.350, that the services are necessary for the provision of FAPE to the child under (34 CFR Part 300) in IDEA Regulations (not the Act). The school, through the IEP team will decide if the child will qualify for ESY Services. The decision will be based on a variety of factors which include the degree of impairment and the child's rate of progress. There are also some other aspects, for example availability of resources, the child's behavioral and/or physical problems and the parents' ability to provide the structure at home. The vocational and transitional needs of the child and the child's ability to interact with non-disabled children are the last two things in this list.

Extended school year services

It is important to remember, key to qualifying is the child's regression during school breaks, these should be well documented and records or any supporting data should be on hand for the team meeting. The school team will also take into consideration the child's previous history, in other words, did having summer holidays mean re-teaching skills again upon school start up. The school team will look at previous regression. It is important to note that most students don't retain all skills taught, hence a spiralling curriculum. The degree of regression must be relatively extreme to quaify for ESY Services. There is no cost to the parent for ESY. The educational jurisdiction/district will cover the costs. However, not all students with disabilities will qualify. ESY services are provided only if the child meets certain criteria determined by law and the specific district's policy. The services are individualized based on the student's needs and will vary. They could include, physical therapy, behavioral support, instrutional services, take home packages for parental implementation with consultative services, coaching, small group instruction just to name a few. ESY does not support the learning of new skills but the retention of those already taught. Districts will vary in their form of services offered. You will need to check with your own educational jurisdiction as some states vary in their standards regarding ESY. You will also want to read the section noted above in the IDEA regulations. Be sure to ask your district for a copy of their ESY guideline. You have to note that you should look into this service well in advance of any school break/holiday. Generally speaking, these are the most common and important things about extended year school services which are available at many schools around the whole world.