An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, especially painting, illustration, sculpture, photography and graphic design. All the art schools are institutions with elementary, secondary, post-secondary or undergraduate, graduate or postgraduate programs in these areas. They are distinguished from larger institutions which also may offer majors or degrees in the visual arts but only as one part of a broad-based range of programs. Such programs for example are science and the liberal arts. Most of the art schools grant a bachelor of fine arts, bachelor of design, Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree if accredited as a college. Both professional diploma programs and associate degrees are common as well. There are four standalone Art and Design Universities in Canada. All the four schools teach in major disciplines from painting through to new media and design. They are all public institutions with OCAD the largest followed by Emily Carr. This university has the most active research program among the four with over fifteen million dollars in research funding over the last years. The university garnered the most of the major awards for students and alums across the country.

Art schools

Design and art schools in the United States offer bachelor of fine arts or Master of fine arts degree programs break down into basic types with some variations and overlap. The most highly rated schools belong to a consortium formed in 1991 and called the Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design simply known as AICAD. All these schools differ from for-profit career schools in that they require a strong component of liberal arts courses in addition to art and design courses, providing a well-rounded college degree. There are also are partnerships between universities and art schools such as School of the Art Institute of Chicago with Roosevelt University, Art Institute of Boston at Lesley University, Maryland Institute College of Art and Johns Hopkins University and much more. There is one-state supported independent art school in USA – Massachusetts College of Art and Design. Cooper Union in New York City is among the most selective of art schools admitting four percents with every student on full scholarship. Next up the scale in size for an art school would be a large art or design department, college or school at a university. Typically it would contain programs that teach graphic design, studio art, photography, architecture and more if it is a college such as the College of Design at Iowa State University. Sometimes these are simply the schools of art, design and architecture such as those at the College of Fine and Applied Arts at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign of the Yale School of Art. Many of the institutions that offer degrees do not offer intense training in classical realism and academic drawing and painting. A number of art schools have begun to offer some or all of their curricula online in recent years which by nature, transcends national boundaries.